Comprehensive security is a broader and more inclusive concept of security than the traditional notion of power-based security. It encompasses a range of factors, including economic, social, environmental, political, and military aspects, all of which contribute to a country’s overall security.
In contrast, the traditional concept of power-based security emphasizes military might and the ability to defend oneself against potential adversaries. This narrow view of security often overlooks other important factors that contribute to a country’s stability and prosperity.
Comprehensive security is particularly relevant for developing and poor countries because it recognizes that security is not just about protecting against external threats, but also about addressing internal issues such as poverty, inequality, and social unrest. By addressing these underlying problems, comprehensive security can help prevent conflict and instability and promote long-term sustainable development.
However, implementing comprehensive security in developing and poor countries can be challenging due to limited resources and capacity. It requires a multifaceted approach that involves addressing economic, social, and political factors simultaneously. It also requires the cooperation and coordination of various stakeholders, including government agencies, civil society organizations, and the private sector.
Overall, while comprehensive security may be more appropriate for developing and poor countries, it requires significant effort and resources to implement effectively.