CSSInternational Relations-I

Q.3 Point out the main goals of Foreign Policy of states and determine the factors which influence its making and implementation. 2016

The main goals of foreign policy of states are:

  1. The primary goal of foreign policy is to ensure the security of the state and its citizens, both domestically and internationally. This includes protecting the state’s territorial integrity, sovereignty, and independence, and preventing threats from external actors.
  2. : Another important goal of foreign policy is to promote economic prosperity by enhancing trade, investment, and economic relations with other states. This includes negotiating trade agreements, attracting foreign investment, and pursuing economic diplomacy.
  3. Foreign policy aims to promote diplomatic relations and cooperation with other states. This includes engaging in multilateral institutions such as the United Nations, building alliances, and participating in international diplomacy.
  4. : Foreign policy is designed to advance the national interests of a state, which may include enhancing its global influence, prestige, and power, promoting its values, and securing access to resources and strategic locations.

The factors that influence the making and implementation of foreign policy are:

  1. : Domestic factors such as the political system, public opinion, interest groups, and economic conditions play a significant role in shaping foreign policy. The domestic environment can influence the priorities and objectives of foreign policy and the ability of a state to implement it effectively.
  2. : International factors such as global power dynamics, international norms, and the behavior of other states can influence the making and implementation of foreign policy. International events such as conflicts, crises, and economic downturns can also have a significant impact on foreign policy.
  3. : Geography can also play a significant role in shaping foreign policy. States that are located in strategic locations or have access to valuable resources may have different foreign policy objectives than those that do not.
  4. : Historical and cultural factors such as national identity, ideology, and past experiences can also influence foreign policy. A state’s history and culture may shape its values, beliefs, and perceptions of the world, which in turn can influence its foreign policy objectives and priorities.

In conclusion, the goals of foreign policy of states are to ensure security, promote economic prosperity, diplomacy, and promote national interests. The making and implementation of foreign policy are influenced by a range of factors, including domestic and international factors, geography, and historical and cultural factors.

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