The Kashmir dispute is a long-standing territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the region of Jammu and Kashmir, which is currently administered by India. The dispute dates back to the partition of British India in 1947, when the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was given the option to join either India or Pakistan.
Initially, the state’s ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh, chose to remain independent. However, after an invasion by Pakistani-backed tribal militants in 1947, the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession, joining the Indian Union. This move was contested by Pakistan, which claims that the people of Kashmir were not given the opportunity to express their wishes in a plebiscite.
Since then, the conflict has resulted in numerous wars, border skirmishes, and human rights abuses on both sides of the Line of Control that separates Indian-administered Kashmir from Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Both India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons, and the ongoing conflict has increased tensions between the two countries.
The Kashmir dispute remains a contentious issue, with both India and Pakistan continuing to claim the region as their own. While there have been attempts at peace talks and confidence-building measures between the two countries, no lasting solution to the conflict has been found. The issue remains a major obstacle to peace and stability in South Asia.