CSSInternational Relations-I

Q.8 It is argued that democratic countries pursue peaceful foreign policies. Support your answer with concrete examples. 2021

There is a common belief that democratic countries are more likely to pursue peaceful foreign policies compared to non-democratic countries. While there may be exceptions to this rule, there are several examples that support this argument.

  1. Canada: Canada is often cited as an example of a democratic country that pursues peaceful foreign policies. For example, Canada has been actively involved in peacekeeping missions around the world since the 1950s, and has played a significant role in promoting disarmament, conflict resolution, and human rights.
  2. Germany: Since World War II, Germany has transformed its foreign policy to focus on promoting peace and democracy. For example, Germany has been actively involved in mediating conflicts in the Balkans and has contributed significantly to peacekeeping efforts around the world.
  3. Norway: Norway is known for its active role in promoting peace and disarmament around the world. Norway has been actively involved in the Middle East peace process, and has played a significant role in brokering peace agreements between various parties in conflicts around the world.
  4. Costa Rica: Costa Rica abolished its military in 1948 and has since pursued a foreign policy of neutrality and peace. Costa Rica has been active in promoting disarmament and peacebuilding efforts, and has been involved in peacekeeping missions around the world.
  5. New Zealand: New Zealand is another example of a democratic country that has pursued a peaceful foreign policy. New Zealand has been actively involved in peacekeeping missions since the 1950s and has played a significant role in promoting nuclear disarmament and human rights.

These examples demonstrate that democratic countries can and do pursue peaceful foreign policies. While there may be exceptions, the values and institutions that underpin democracy – such as transparency, accountability, and respect for human rights – can help to promote a more peaceful world.

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