The Sufis of the Subcontinent, particularly during the medieval period, were a diverse group of Islamic mystics who played an influential role in shaping the religious and cultural landscape of the region. Many Sufis established close relationships with the state and political authorities, which allowed them to exert significant influence over the ruling elite.
One of the most prominent Sufis with close relations to the state was Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, who established the Chishti Sufi order in India in the 12th century. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti was a spiritual guide to several rulers and dynasties in India, including the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. He was known for his teachings of love and compassion and his emphasis on the unity of all religions.
Another well-known Sufi with close ties to political authorities was Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, who lived in the 18th century in what is now present-day Pakistan. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was a Sufi poet and philosopher who wrote in Sindhi and is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of the region. He enjoyed the patronage of the Talpur rulers of Sindh and his poetry is still widely read and celebrated in the region.
Other notable Sufis with close relations to the state and political authorities include Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya Multani, who established the Suhrawardi Sufi order in Multan, and Shah Inayat Qadri, who was a spiritual guide to several rulers in Kashmir.
In summary, the Sufis of the Subcontinent were a diverse group of Islamic mystics who established close relationships with the state and political authorities. These Sufis played an influential role in shaping the religious and cultural landscape of the region and their teachings continue to have a lasting impact on the people of the Subcontinent.