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Q. No. 6. Palestine conflict is a long-standing one on the United Nations table. Discuss its recent escalation since October 2023

Overview of the Palestine Conflict:


Briefly outline the historical context of the Palestine-Israel conflict, including the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, subsequent wars, and the ongoing disputes over territories.

Key Issues:

Highlight key issues such as the status of Jerusalem, the right of return for Palestinian refugees, and the establishment of a Palestinian state.

Recent Escalation:

If there have been escalations since October 2023, provide an overview of the events, including any significant clashes, changes in policies, or developments that have heightened tensions.

Big Powers’ Reactions:

United States:

Assess the stance of the United States, traditionally a key ally of Israel. Consider any changes in policy or diplomatic efforts aimed at de-escalation. Analyze the role of the U.S. in facilitating or hindering peace talks.



Examine Russia’s position on the Palestine-Israel conflict. Evaluate its diplomatic efforts, if any, and its role in international forums regarding the issue.


Explore China’s approach to the conflict, considering its growing influence in international affairs. Assess any diplomatic initiatives or statements from China regarding the Palestine issue.

European Union:

Analyze the collective stance of the European Union on the recent escalation in the Palestine conflict. Look into any statements, sanctions, or diplomatic efforts undertaken by EU member states.

United Nations:

Evaluate the role of the United Nations in addressing the recent escalation. Consider resolutions, statements, or peacekeeping efforts initiated by the UN to address the conflict.

Critical Assessment:

Effectiveness of Diplomatic Efforts:

Assess the effectiveness of diplomatic efforts by big powers in de-escalating the situation. Analyze the impact of their interventions on promoting peace talks or easing tensions.

Humanitarian Concerns:

Consider the humanitarian aspects of the conflict, including the impact on civilian populations. Evaluate the response of big powers in addressing humanitarian concerns and providing aid.

Balance of Power:

Examine how the involvement of big powers may influence the balance of power in the region. Consider if their actions contribute to stability or exacerbate tensions.

International Law and Resolutions:

Evaluate the adherence to international law and relevant UN resolutions by the parties involved. Assess how big powers support or challenge these legal frameworks.

Prospects for Peace:

Provide a critical analysis of the prospects for peace in the region based on recent developments and the reactions of big powers. Consider any emerging trends that may impact the trajectory of the conflict.

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