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XVI. Ethnic Issues and National Integration

Pakistan is a country with different ethnic and semantic gatherings. The significant ethnic gatherings in Pakistan are Punjabis, Sindhis, Balochis, and Pashtuns. Other remarkable ethnic gatherings incorporate Kashmiris, Gilgitis, Baltistanis, Hazaras, and Saraikis. In spite of the different ethnic and etymological foundations, Pakistan has confronted different ethnic issues and difficulties to public coordination throughout the long term.

One of the primary explanations behind ethnic pressures in Pakistan is the lopsided circulation of assets and power among the different ethnic gatherings. All things considered, a few ethnic gatherings have felt underestimated and victimized, prompting sensations of disdain and requests for more noteworthy independence or even withdrawal. For instance, Balochistan has been confronting nonconformist developments starting from the beginning of Pakistan, for certain gatherings upholding for an autonomous Balochistan.

The Urdu language has likewise been a quarrelsome issue in Pakistan, for certain ethnic gatherings feeling that it is being forced on them to the detriment of their own dialects. This has prompted requests for more prominent acknowledgment and advancement of territorial dialects.

Strict contrasts have additionally added to ethnic pressures in Pakistan. The Sunni-Shia partisan separation has been a significant wellspring of contention, especially in regions like Balochistan and Gilgit-Baltistan. The Ahmadis, who are considered non-Muslims under the Pakistani constitution, have additionally confronted mistreatment and segregation.

The issue of displaced people has additionally added to ethnic pressures in Pakistan. The convergence of Afghan exiles over the course of the years has overwhelmed assets and prompted rivalry for occupations and lodging, especially in regions like Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan.

Regardless of these difficulties, endeavors have been made to advance public combination and address ethnic complaints. The eighteenth amendment to the Constitution, for instance, decayed more capacity to the areas and perceived the significance of provincial dialects. The Public Activity Plan has likewise been carried out to counter fanaticism and advance interfaith congruity.

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