CSSEnglish Essay

5. Global power dynamics and Pakistan's foreign policy. 2020

Global power dynamics and Pakistan’s foreign policy. 2020


Pakistan has been an important player in the global power dynamics since its inception in 1947. The country’s geographical location and its role as a nuclear power have made it an important player in South Asia and beyond. The country’s foreign policy has been shaped by a number of factors, including its relationship with the United States, its rivalry with India, its ties with China, and its involvement in regional conflicts. This essay will explore the relationship between global power dynamics and Pakistan’s foreign policy in 2020.


Pakistan’s foreign policy has been shaped by a number of historical factors. One of the key factors is the country’s relationship with the United States. The United States has played a significant role in Pakistan’s history, particularly in the Cold War era. During this time, Pakistan was a key ally of the United States in the fight against communism. The United States provided Pakistan with military and economic aid, and helped to establish the country’s intelligence agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).

In recent years, however, the relationship between Pakistan and the United States has been strained. The United States has accused Pakistan of harboring terrorists and failing to take action against militant groups operating within its borders. Pakistan has also been critical of the United States’ policy towards Afghanistan, particularly its use of drone strikes in the country.

Another factor shaping Pakistan’s foreign policy is its rivalry with India. Pakistan and India have a long-standing conflict over the region of Kashmir, which both countries claim as their own. The conflict has led to several wars and has had a significant impact on the region. Pakistan has accused India of human rights violations in Kashmir, while India has accused Pakistan of supporting militant groups in the region.

Pakistan’s ties with China have also played a significant role in shaping its foreign policy. China is Pakistan’s closest ally and the two countries have a strategic partnership. China has provided Pakistan with economic and military assistance, and the two countries have worked together on a number of projects, including the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Finally, Pakistan’s involvement in regional conflicts has also influenced its foreign policy. The country has been involved in conflicts in Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen, among others. Its involvement in these conflicts has been driven by a number of factors, including its strategic interests, its relationship with the United States, and its ties with regional players.

Global power dynamics and Pakistan’s foreign policy in 2020

In 2020, Pakistan’s foreign policy was shaped by a number of global power dynamics. One of the key dynamics was the United States’ policy towards Afghanistan. The United States had been engaged in talks with the Taliban to end the war in Afghanistan, and Pakistan played a key role in facilitating these talks. Pakistan’s relationship with the Taliban is complicated, and the country has been accused of supporting the group in the past. However, in 2020, Pakistan played a constructive role in bringing the Taliban to the negotiating table.

Another global power dynamic shaping Pakistan’s foreign policy in 2020 was the rivalry between the United States and China. The two countries were engaged in a trade war, and tensions between them were high. Pakistan’s relationship with China became even more important in this context. Pakistan continued to work closely with China on the CPEC, and the two countries strengthened their economic and military ties.


The conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir also continued to shape Pakistan’s foreign policy in 2020. India’s decision to revoke the special status of Jammu and Kashmir in August 2019 had led to a significant escalation of tensions between the two countries. Pakistan had responded by downgrading its diplomatic relations with India and suspending bilateral trade. In 2020, the situation remained tense, and Pakistan continued to raise the issue of Kashmir on the international stage.

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