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Q.2 Is the Qur’an a code of Islamic law? Discuss. (2016)

The Qur’an is the holy scripture of Islam and is considered to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. While the Qur’an provides guidance for Muslims in various aspects of life, including moral and ethical principles, it is not primarily a code of Islamic law.

The Qur’an does contain some specific instructions and regulations related to worship, family law, criminal law, and other matters, but it does not provide a detailed legal system or a comprehensive code of law. Instead, Islamic law (known as Shariah) is derived from multiple sources, including the Qur’an, the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad (known as Hadith), the consensus of scholars (known as Ijma), and analogical reasoning (known as Qiyas).

The Qur’an provides general principles that serve as a foundation for Islamic law, such as justice, compassion, and the importance of upholding contracts and fulfilling obligations. It also sets out the basic framework for Islamic worship, including the five daily prayers, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to Mecca.

However, the Qur’an does not provide detailed instructions on many matters that are addressed by Islamic law, such as inheritance, marriage, divorce, and business transactions. These issues are addressed in greater detail through the Hadith and other sources of Islamic law.

In summary, while the Qur’an provides general guidance and principles for Muslims, it is not primarily a code of Islamic law. Islamic law is derived from multiple sources, including the Qur’an, the Hadith, consensus of scholars, and analogical reasoning.

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