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Q.2 What is meant by culture and civilization? Describe the characteristics of Islamic culture. 2016

Culture refers to the shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that characterize a group or society. Culture is expressed in the ways that people interact with each other, with the environment, and with the physical world around them.

Civilization, on the other hand, refers to a complex society characterized by advanced social, economic, and political organization, along with a high level of cultural and technological development. A civilization typically includes many different cultures, but is united by a common cultural heritage and a shared sense of identity.

Islamic culture is a rich and diverse tradition that has its roots in the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and the religious text of the Quran. Some of the key characteristics of Islamic culture include:

  1. : Islamic culture is centered around the belief in one God (Allah) and the worship of this deity.
  2. : Islam emphasizes the importance of treating all people with dignity and respect, regardless of their social status.
  3. : Islamic culture places a strong emphasis on hospitality, and visitors are treated with kindness and generosity.
  4. : Education is highly valued in Islamic culture, and the pursuit of knowledge is considered a religious obligation.
  5. : Islamic art and architecture are notable for their intricate geometric patterns and calligraphy, which often feature quotes from the Quran.
  6. : The family unit is highly valued in Islamic culture, and strong family ties are considered essential to a person’s well-being.

These are just a few examples of the characteristics that define Islamic culture. The rich and diverse heritage of Islam has had a profound impact on the world, shaping the beliefs, values, and practices of countless people across the globe.

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