CSSIslamic Studies

Q.3 What is Self-purification and Ehsan? Explain it in the light of Quran and Sunnah, also describe its individual and collective impacts. 2018

Self-purification, or Tazkiyah in Arabic, refers to the process of spiritual purification and the removal of negative traits, habits, and inclinations from oneself. Ehsan, on the other hand, refers to the concept of spiritual excellence, where one worships Allah as if they see Him, and even though they do not see Him, they know that He sees them.

Both Self-purification and Ehsan are emphasized in the Quran and Sunnah as important aspects of the Islamic faith. The Quran states in Surah Al-Shams, verse 9-10, “Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self. And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self.”

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also emphasized the importance of self-purification and Ehsan. In a famous Hadith, he described Ehsan as “to worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you do not see Him, then indeed He sees you.” This Hadith highlights the importance of striving for spiritual excellence and developing a strong relationship with Allah, based on love, awe, and gratitude.

The individual impacts of self-purification and Ehsan are numerous. Through self-purification, one can attain greater spiritual awareness, emotional stability, and personal growth. This leads to a greater sense of purpose, meaning, and contentment in life. Similarly, the pursuit of Ehsan can lead to a deep sense of closeness to Allah, which brings comfort and tranquility to the heart.

The collective impacts of self-purification and Ehsan are equally important. When individuals strive for spiritual purification and excellence, it leads to a more harmonious and compassionate society. The Quran states in Surah Al-Hujurat, verse 13, “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you.”

This verse emphasizes the importance of cultivating righteousness and excellence, as it leads to greater understanding and respect between people from different backgrounds and cultures.

In summary, self-purification and Ehsan are important concepts in the Islamic faith that promote spiritual growth and excellence. They have both individual and collective impacts, leading to personal and societal benefits, and fostering greater understanding, harmony, and compassion.

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