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Q.7 Discuss the institution of shura in Islamic polity and how this institution could transform and impact on the modern political institution of parliament? 2018

The institution of Shura, or consultation, is a fundamental principle in Islamic polity. It refers to the practice of seeking advice and counsel from the community, and it is believed to promote consensus and cooperation among the people. The concept of Shura is mentioned in the Quran, where it is said that Muslims should make decisions after consulting with one another (Quran 42:38).

In the modern context, the principles of Shura can be applied to the institution of parliament. Parliament, as an institution of representative democracy, can benefit greatly from the principles of consultation and consensus-building. By involving a wide range of voices in decision-making, parliament can ensure that the interests of all members of society are represented.

One of the main benefits of the institution of Shura is that it can lead to more inclusive and participatory decision-making. By involving a wide range of voices, parliament can ensure that the needs and interests of marginalized groups are taken into account. This can help to build trust and legitimacy in the political process, as people feel that their voices are being heard.

Another benefit of the institution of Shura is that it can help to build consensus around important issues. By involving all members of parliament in decision-making, rather than just a select few, parliament can ensure that decisions are made in a way that is acceptable to the majority of members. This can help to avoid conflict and ensure that decisions are implemented effectively.

In conclusion, the institution of Shura is an important principle in Islamic polity that can have significant benefits for modern political institutions such as parliament. By promoting consultation, consensus-building, and inclusive decision-making, the principles of Shura can help to ensure that the interests and needs of all members of society are represented.

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