Past Papers PMSPMS

Q5. Separation of East-Pakistan, though a tragic part of History of Pakistan, was not the negation of Two-Nation theory.” Discuss.

The partition of East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh) from West Pakistan in 1971 was for sure a grievous occasion throughout the entire existence of Pakistan. In any case, it tends to be contended that the division was not an immediate nullification of the Two-Country Hypothesis, which shaped the philosophical reason for the making of Pakistan. We should investigate this point of view further:

1. Two-Country Hypothesis:

The Two-Country Hypothesis, supported by Muslim pioneers like Allama Iqbal and later embraced by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, set that Hindus and Muslims in English India were isolated countries with particular strict, social, and political characters. It contended that Muslims required a different country to shield their inclinations and save their strict, social, and political privileges.

2. Solidarity and Variety:

The Two-Country Hypothesis intended to make a Muslim-greater part state where Muslims could reside as per their strict convictions and social qualities. In any case, it didn’t expressly address the semantic and social variety inside the proposed state. West Pakistan and East Pakistan had phonetic and social contrasts, with Bengali being the dominating language in East Pakistan, while Urdu was more common in West Pakistan.

3. Political Variables:

The division of East Pakistan was driven by a mind boggling set of political variables, including financial variations, local uneven characters, language issues, and saw segregation by the focal government. These variables, alongside a fierce military crackdown during the 1971 Bangladesh Freedom War, prompted inescapable discontent and eventually the development of an autonomous Bangladesh.

4. Administration and Power Awkward nature:

One of the huge elements adding to the partition was the administration and power irregular characteristics between the two wings of Pakistan. East Pakistan felt minimized with regards to monetary turn of events, political portrayal, and dynamic power. The focal government’s inability to address these worries successfully added to the bafflement and developing interest for independence and at last freedom in East Pakistan.

Taking into account these focuses, it tends to be contended that the division of East Pakistan was not an immediate refutation of the Two-Country Hypothesis itself. Rather, it tends to be viewed as a sign of the difficulties and intricacies that arose in the administration and the executives of a different country, where etymological, social, and territorial characters were not enough tended to. The awfulness of the partition fills in as a sign of the significance of comprehensive administration, tending to local variations, and obliging different phonetic and social personalities inside a country. It likewise features the meaning of advancing solidarity, regard for variety, and addressing complaints to keep up with the honesty and concordance of a multi-ethnic and multi-strict nation like Pakistan.

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